Adoption First Steps can assist you with Steps 1 through to 4 in the Inter-Country adoption process outlined below.
Steps 1- 4 Checks, Education, Suitability Assessment and Home Study Report
These services are provided by Adoption First Steps.
Step 1 – Checks
All Prospective Adoptive Parents must provide detailed personal information. They must also have a Medical Assessment and References as well as Police (New Zealand and overseas) and Oranga Tamariki – Ministry for Children checks. These are undertaken, or reviewed by, the New Zealand Government’s Central Authority (NZCA) to assess their eligibility. This step is also called Documentary Assessment and more information is on the Oranga Tamariki website.
Step 2 – Education about Adopting from Overseas
Prospective Adoptive Parents must complete an Education Programme about inter-country adoption so they are able to understand the specific needs of a child adopted from an orphanage or other care and are well prepared to meet them.
Step 3 – Assessment for Suitability
A qualified Social Worker must formally assess Prospective Adoptive Parents as suitable based on interviews at their home, evidence of their parenting skills, personal circumstances, home environment, etc. This assessment considers the age, gender, number of children and the country from which they would be suitable to adopt. Most countries now also require a psychologist’s report.
Step 4 – Home Study Report
If Prospective Adoptive Parents are assessed as suitable, a Social Worker writes a Home Study Report. This details the outcomes of the Assessment in Step 3 including the country from which the parents are suitable to adopt and the age, gender and number of children. It is sent to the New Zealand Central Authority (NZCA) for approval.
Upon approval, Prospective Adoptive Parents then provide the completed Report to their selected Placement Agency to be matched with a child or children. Placement agencies are:
AFS services cover these steps for adoptions from five countries: Chile, India, Lithuania, Thailand and the Philippines.
Steps 5 – 8 Documentation and Placement of Child
These services are provided by a Placement Agency
Step 5 – Document Preparation
The Placement Agency prepares all the pre-placement legal and other documents required by the country from which Prospective Adoptive Parents are approved to adopt.
Step 6 – Applying Overseas
The Placement Agency applies to the appropriate overseas authority of the country from which the Prospective Adoptive Parents are approved to adopt using the Home Study Report as the basis for the adoption.
Step 7 – Matching to a Child or Children
A child or children are matched to Prospective Adoptive Parents based on the Home Study Report.
Step 8 – Travel to the Country of Adoption
Prospective Adoptive Parents then travel to the relevant country to meet the child or children. Upon acceptance of the child or children, formal legal processes and approval are then completed in the overseas country as well as in New Zealand.
Step 9 – Returning Home
Parents bring their child or children home, completing or finalising all necessary legal processes required. There is also post placement monitoring by the Placement Agency for several years to offer support and ensure the child is settling in well.